The origin of psychometrics has connections to the related field of psychophysics. Charles Spearmana pioneer in psychometrics who developed approaches to the measurement of intelligence, studied under Wilhelm Wundt and was trained in psychophysics. Thurstone later developed and applied a theoretical approach to the measurement referred to as the law of comparative judgmentan approach which has close connections to the psychophysical theory developed by Ernst Heinrich Weber and Gustav Fechner. In addition, Spearman and Thurstone both made important contributions to the theory and application of factor analysisa statistical method that has been used extensively in psychometrics.
The concept of attitude is composed of three components which include cognitively-based attitudes, affectively-based attitude, and behaviorally-based attitude. An example of my cognitively-based attitude is the attitude of disallowing my seatmates in school to copy my assignments so that I will remain one of the best students in 3 component of attitudes.
Besides, I believe that I am more wise and intelligent than other students. An example of affectively-based attitude is my feelings regarding the way Barack Obama handled the government despite the economic crisis wherein he is not afraid of the on-going problems as effects of poverty nowadays.
Barack Obama is indeed resolute in playing as the elected President of the country.
Lastly, an example of behaviorally-based attitude is my disgust of poor people for I believe that they are too lazy to work for their own good.
Those people who are loitering in the streets do not deserve help from the government and non-governmental organizations if it was proven that they do not work hard to earn a living. I cannot just tolerate these kinds of people especially that I worked hard for my success in life.
Attitude accessibility corresponds on how rapidly an attitude is activated by memory. There are many reasons why it is necessary to access attitude through memory processes of a person. First, attitudes that are apparently accessible from memory are more predictive of behavior.
Second, it is easy to figure out the influences of any behavior messages.
Third, knowing how messages being processed are also possible through attitude accessibility. And that attitude accessibility is more stable as time goes by. In order to understand the concept of attitude accessibility, consider a neighbor who sees a big snake in the lawn. The immediate response of your neighbor will be a shout due to fear of the snake.
The immediate fear response upon seeing a big snake indicates an accessible attitude towards big snakes which are apparently dangerous if venomous in kind.
In other words, there is already an attitude of fear in the memory of your neighbor and was shown when a big snake appears in the lawn. The idea that big snakes are dangerous is already stored in the memory of the person and quickly activated upon experiencing a real situation. Hence, activation of attitude through the memory of a person is the primary basis of understanding attitude accessibility.
Subjective norms are a concept based on the theory of planned behavior developed in the year by Ajzen. The concept of subjective norms is founded on the idea that normative beliefs result in subjective norms. In addition, our motivation to complete with the collection of normative beliefs forms our subjective norm with respect to the behavior.
For example, we consider the hard work our parents did when they raised us in this life.
We even believe that we owe our life to our parents because without them, we would not be given the opportunity to enjoy everything we have.
Hence, their example gave us the will to work hard and reap success in life.Is moderately doubtful towards the character, and is stubborn about it about it. Their attitude is due to a business contact.
Social cognition has its roots in social psychology which attempts "to understand and explain how the thoughts, feelings, and behavior of individuals are influenced by the actual, imagined, or implied presence of others" (Allport, , p.
3). Peace education is the process of acquiring the values, the knowledge and developing the attitudes, skills, and behaviors to live in harmony with oneself, with others, and with the natural environment..
There are numerous United Nations declarations on the importance of peace education. Ban Ki Moon, U.N. Secretary General, has dedicated the International Day of Peace to peace education in.
Attainable – When you identify goals that are most important to you, you begin to figure out ways you can make them come true.
You develop the attitudes, abilities, skills, and financial capacity to reach them. You begin seeing previously overlooked opportunities to . Structure of Attitudes. Attitudes structure can be described in terms of three components. Affective component: this involves a person’s feelings / emotions about the attitude lausannecongress2018.com example: “I am scared of spiders”.
Behavioral (or conative) component: the way the attitude we have influences how we act or behave. For example: “I will avoid spiders and scream if I see one”. Affective component The affective component of attitudes refer to your feelings or emotions linked to an attitude object.
Affective responses influence attitudes in a number of ways. Affective responses influence attitudes in a number of ways.