The Great Mariner has also become a controversial figure, especially in recent years, as many groups and historians have been prone to pointing out some of his negative accomplishments, such as slave trading, quests for gold and his treatment of New World Natives. By bringing to light some aspects of Columbus's life that have been overlooked by mainstream media, perhaps it is possible to achieve a better understanding of the experienced navigator, who rode the Trade Winds to a strange and new land, and then returned to Europe to spread the news.
Columbus arriving in the Americas by Dioscoro Puebla Occupation: May 20, Best known for: Christopher Columbus is the explorer who is credited for discovering America.
Of course, there were already people living in America at the time who we call Native Americans. There even was a European, Leif Ericsson, who had been to the Americas before. However, it was Columbus' voyage that started the exploration and colonization of the Americas. Before the Voyage Columbus was born in Genoa, Italy in He later lived in Lisbon where he worked as a trader.
He learned how to make maps and navigate a ship. However, traveling overland by the Silk Road was dangerous and a sea route around Africa seemed much too long.
Columbus thought he could sail straight to China by crossing the Atlantic Ocean. It would turn out that Columbus was wrong. The Earth was much larger than he thought and there was another land, the Americas, between Europe and Asia.
Three Ships and a Long Voyage Columbus spent years trying to convince someone to pay for his voyage. The voyage was long and difficult. At one point his men threatened to mutiny and wanted to turn back. Columbus promised them he would turn back in two days if they didn't find land. In his journal, however, he wrote that he had no intention of turning back.
Finding Land On October 12, land was spotted. It was a small island in the Bahamas that Columbus would name San Salvador. He met natives there that he called Indians because he was convinced that he had landed on islands off the coast of East Asia.
He also visited other islands in the Caribbean such as Cuba and Hispaniola.
The routes taken by Columbus on his four voyages by Unknown Click to see larger map Returning Home After making his discovery, Columbus was eager to return home to Spain and claim his riches.
Only the Pinta and the Nina were able to return to Spain, however, as the Santa Maria wrecked off the coast of Hispaniola.
Columbus left 43 men behind on the island to start up an outpost. Upon returning home, Columbus was treated like a hero. He presented some of the things he had found including turkeys, pineapples, and some natives he had captured. The King of Spain was pleased enough to fund future expeditions.
More Voyages Columbus would make three more voyages to the Americas. He explored more of the Caribbean and even saw mainland America. He had some difficulties in being the local governor and was even arrested for his behavior and for mistreating some of the colonists.
Columbus died on May 20, He died thinking he had discovered a shortcut to Asia across the Atlantic Ocean.The voyages of Christopher Columbus provide unlimited teaching opportunities -- opportunities that can be pursued without glorifying the man or denigrating his achievements.
This year, observe Columbus Day by . Personal Life. Columbus almost lost his life on his first voyage into the Atlantic Ocean in The ship he was sailing on was attacked by French privateers off the coast of Portugal.
How was the first voyage of Columbus to the New World undertaken, and what was its legacy? Having convinced the King and Queen of Spain to finance his voyage, Christopher Columbus departed mainland Spain on August 3, He quickly made port in the Canary Islands for a final restocking and left there on September 6.
Over time, views of history and historical figures often change. The legacy of Christopher Columbus is no exception as our 21st-century view of the Great Mariner differs from that of the 20th century.
Christopher Columbus is the explorer who is credited for discovering America. Of course, there were already people living in America at the time who we call Native Americans. There even was a European, Leif Ericsson, who had been to the Americas before.
From the author of the Magellan biography, Over the Edge of the World, a mesmerizing new account of the great explorer.
Christopher Columbus's voyage across the Atlantic Ocean in search of a trading route to China, and his unexpected landfall in the Americas, is a watershed event in world history.