Board of Education Brown v.
History - Brown v. Board of Education Re-enactment The Plessy Decision Although the Declaration of Independence stated that "All men are created equal," due to the institution of slavery, this statement was not to be grounded in law in the United States until after the Civil War and, arguably, not completely fulfilled for many years thereafter.
Inthe Thirteenth Amendment was ratified and finally put an end to slavery. Moreover, the Fourteenth Amendment strengthened the legal rights of newly freed slaves by stating, among other things, that no state shall deprive anyone of either "due process of law" or of the "equal protection of the law.
Despite these Amendments, African Americans were often treated differently than whites in many parts of the country, especially in the South.
In fact, many state legislatures enacted laws that led to the legally mandated segregation of the races. In other words, the laws of many states decreed that blacks and whites could not use the same public facilities, ride the same buses, attend the same schools, etc.
These laws came to be known as Jim Crow laws. Inan African-American man named Homer Plessy refused to give up his seat to a white man on a train in New Orleans, as he was required to do by Louisiana state law.
For this action he was arrested. Plessy, contending that the Louisiana law separating blacks from whites on trains violated the "equal protection clause" of the Fourteenth Amendment to the U. Constitution, decided to fight his arrest in court.
Byhis case had made it all the way to the United States Supreme Court. By a vote ofthe Supreme Court ruled against Plessy. In the case of Plessy v.
Ferguson, Justice Henry Billings Brown, writing the majority opinion, stated that: If one race be inferior to the other socially, the Constitution of the United States cannot put them upon the same plane.
Sadly, as a result of the Plessy decision, in the early twentieth century the Supreme Court continued to uphold the legality of Jim Crow laws and other forms of racial discrimination. In the case of Cumming v. County Board of Educationfor instance, the Court refused to issue an injunction preventing a school board from spending tax money on a white high school when the same school board voted to close down a black high school for financial reasons.
Argued March 19, Decided June 25, ; Full case name: Deborah Morse and the Juneau School Board, et al., Petitioners v. Joseph Frederick: Docket nos. On May 17, , in the case of Brown v. the Board of Education of Topeka, the U.S. Supreme Court ended federally sanctioned racial segregation in the public schools by ruling unanimously that "separate educational facilities are inherently unequal." A groundbreaking case, Brown not only overturned the precedent of Plessy v. Following is the case brief for Brown v. Board of Education, United States Supreme Court, () Case Summary of Brown v. Board of Education: Oliver Brown was denied admission into a white school; As a representative of a class action suit.
Moreover, in Gong Lum v. Ricethe Court upheld a school's decision to bar a person of Chinese descent from a "white" school.
The Road to Brown Note: Some of the case information is from Patterson, James T. Oxford University Press; New York, Early Cases Despite the Supreme Court's ruling in Plessy and similar cases, many people continued to press for the abolition of Jim Crow and other racially discriminatory laws.
For about the first 20 years of its existence, it tried to persuade Congress and other legislative bodies to enact laws that would protect African Americans from lynchings and other racist actions.
Beginning in the s, though, the NAACP's Legal Defense and Education Fund began to turn to the courts to try to make progress in overcoming legally sanctioned discrimination.Brown v.
Board of Education: A Civil Rights Milestone and Its Troubled Legacy (Pivotal Moments in American History). May 02, · Watch video · Brown v.
Board of Education of Topeka was a landmark Supreme Court case in which the justices ruled unanimously that racial segregation of children in public schools was unconstitutional.
While Linda Brown is being celebrated for her role in the historic Brown v.
Board of Education case that desegregated US schools, a researcher says the story behind the case is more complex. The district court ruled in favor of the Board of Education citing the “separate but equal” precedent established by the Supreme Court case Plessy v. Ferguson.
The Brown case, along with four other similar segregation cases, was appealed to the United States Supreme Court. Argued March 19, Decided June 25, ; Full case name: Deborah Morse and the Juneau School Board, et al., Petitioners v.
Joseph Frederick: Docket nos. Essay about Analysis of the Brown v Board of Education Case - It is imperative to note that the case of Brown v Board of Education is based on a chronological history of the fight towards realization of human rights in the United States.