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Early life[ edit ] Thomas Sutton bequeathed money to maintain a chapel, hospital, and school at the London Charterhousea former Carthusian monastery, where Crashaw studied from to Richard Crashaw was born in LondonEnglandcirca or He is the only son of Anglican divine William Crashaw — The exact date of his birth and the name of his mother are not known, but it is thought that he was born either during Advent Season in or near the Feast of the Epiphany 6 January in William Crashaw wrote and published many pamphlets advocating Puritan theology and sharply critical of Roman Catholicism.
He was "a man of unchallenged repute for learning in his day, an argumentative but eloquent preacher, strong in his Protestantism, and fierce in his denunciation of 'Romish falsifications' and 'besotted Jesuitries'". However, England's attorney general, Sir Henry Yelverton and Sir Ranulph Crewea prominent judge, friends and colleagues of his late father through the Inner Temple, were appointed as the young orphan's guardians.
The two men supported Richard's entry into the Charterhouse School in and subsequently entry into Pembroke Hall, Cambridge in where he formally matriculated the following year.
The school was established on the grounds of a former Carthusian monastery. At Charterhouse, Crashaw was a pupil of the school's headmasterRobert Brooke, required students to write epigrams and verse in Greek and Latin based on the Epistle and Gospel readings from the day's chapel services.
According to clergyman and editor Alexander GrosartCrashaw was "as thoroughly Protestant, in all probability, as his father could have desired" before his graduation from Pembroke Hall in Laud, with the support of King Charles Ireoriented the practices of the Church of England with a programme of reforms that sought "beauty in holiness", and sought to incorporate "more reverence and decorum in church ceremonial and service, in the decoration of churches, and in the elaboration of the ritual".
The University of Cambridge was a centre of the Laudian movement at the time of Crashaw's attendance. Richard formally matriculated as a scholar at Pembroke on Easter, 26 March Early in his career, Lany shared many of the elder Crashaw's Puritan beliefs. However, Lany's beliefs evolved toward more High Church practices.
It is likely that Richard was under Lany's influence while at Pembroke. Little Gidding was criticised by its Puritan detractors as a "Protestant Nunnery".
This degree was promoted to a Master of Arts in by Cambridge, and through incorporation ad eundem gradum by the University of Oxford in This church, commonly known as "Little St Mary's", is adjacent to Peterhouse and had served as the college's chapel until the opening of a new chapel within the college in In these years, also, Crashaw became more intimately connected with the Ferrar family and frequently visited Little Gidding.
Crashaw incorporated these influences into his conduct at St Mary the Less including holding late night prayer vigils, and adorning the chapel with relics, crucifixes, and images of the Madonna.
InCrashaw would be cited for Mariolatry excessive devotion to the Virgin Mary and for his superstitious practices of "diverse bowings, cringeings" and incensing before the altar".
With the advance of Cromwell's forces on Cambridge, Crashaw was forced to resign from his fellowship at Peterhouse. He and five of his colleagues were ousted because of their refusal to sign the Solemn League and Covenant.
Shortly after Crashaw's departure from the city, Little St Mary's was ransacked on 29 and 30 December by William Dowsingan iconoclast who was ordered by Edward Montagu, 2nd Earl of Manchestera parliamentary commander during the Civil War, to rid Anglican churches in Suffolk and Cambridgeshire of any ornaments or images connected to Roman Catholic "superstitions" or "popery".
Dowsing faithfully kept a journal of his destructive efforts at over churches, recording that at Little St Mary's "we brake downe 60 superstitious pictures, some popes, and crucifixes, and God the Father sitting in a chayer, and holding a globe in his hand".
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What is an extended literature review as a dissertation new york federal reserve research paper dissertation franг§ais corrigг© pdf shri guru nanak dev ji essay. Robert M. Cooper, An Essay on the Art of Richard Crashaw, edited by James Hogg, Salzburg Studies in English Literature, Elizabethan & Renaissance Studies no.
(Salzburg: Universität Salzburg, ). The English poet Richard Crashaw (ca. ) was Roman Catholic in sensibility and ultimately in allegiance.
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Richard Crashaw (c. – 21 August ), was an English poet, teacher, Anglican cleric and Catholic convert, who was among the major figures associated with the metaphysical poets in seventeenth-century English literature.