The iliad analysis of major characters

At his birth, his mother had dipped him in the Styx, so that all parts of his body are invulnerable to hurt except the heel by which she held him. A young man of great beauty, strength, courage, and skill in battle, he nevertheless possesses two tragic flaws, an imperious will and a strong sense of vanity. Enraged because King Agamemnon orders him to surrender the maid Briseis, whom Achilles had taken as his own prize of war, he quarrels bitterly with the commander of the Greek forces and withdraws from the battlefield. When the Trojan host attacks, driving the Greeks back toward their ships, Achilles remains sulking in his tent.

The iliad analysis of major characters

Heroes In the Iliad certain heroic characters play major roles in the battles even though the reader knows that many more common soldiers must be involved.

The heroes, however, are presented literally as greater human beings than the ordinary warriors. Some may have a divine or semi-divine parent, though the hero himself is still mortal and subject to death, unlike the gods.

Heroes are of such stature that they sometimes provoke envy from the gods and on occasion may even fight with a god. Each hero is distinguished by a virtue but may also have an accompanying vice. For example, Achilles is the greatest warrior, but he is also petulant and self-centered.

In terms of status, heroes are below the gods but above the ordinary warriors. Overall, heroes lived by four rules: Each of the greatest of these noble heroes is given an aristeia, or greatest moment in battle, somewhere in the Iliad.

Achilles The central character of the Iliad and the greatest warrior in the Achaian army. The most significant flaw in the temperament of Achilles is his excessive pride. He is willing to subvert the good of the whole army and to endanger the lives of those who are closest to him to achieve emotional blackmail.

His humanity stems from his great passion. Agamemnon The well-meaning but irresolute king of Mycenae; commander-in-chief of the expedition against Troy. He is a brother of Menelaos.

The iliad analysis of major characters

His humanity stems from his broad mindedness that makes him a weak king. Diomedes He ranks among the finest and bravest of the Achaian warriors; he is always wise and reasonable and is renowned for his courtesy and gallantry.

He is sometimes called "lord of the battle cry. Odysseus The shrewdest and most subtle of all the Achaians and a brave warrior besides, as he demonstrates on many occasions.

Nestor The oldest of the Achaian warriors at Troy. Nestor has all the wisdom and experience of age and is a valuable asset in the council. Although he can no longer fight, he remains at the front line at every battle, commanding his troops. He is often referred to as "Gerenian Nestor.

Warriors Warriors tend to be somewhat lesser individuals than the heroes are, although still much greater than ordinary men. Their parents are usually mortals, and they are not given aristeias in the Iliad. Aias the Lesser A distinguished warrior, but insolent and conceited.

He is the son of Oileus and is often called Oilean Aias. Antilochos The son of Nestor; a brave young warrior who takes an active part in the fighting and the funeral games. Automedon The squire and charioteer of Achilles. Helen Originally married to Menelaos, she ran away to Troy with Paris and became his wife.

Supposedly, she is the most beautiful woman in the world; however, she is also self-centered. Idomeneus The King of Crete and one of the most efficient of the Achaian leaders, he has the respect and liking of the whole Achaian army.

The iliad analysis of major characters

Kalchas Soothsayer and prophet of the Achaians. Heroes Aeneas Son of Aphrodite; a Trojan nobleman. He is second in command of the Trojan army and a brave, skillful warrior. Hektor is commander of all the Trojan and allied forces. He is the greatest of the Trojan warriors and one of the most noble characters in the Iliad.

He is always conscious of his duty and his responsibilities to his people and does not let his personal interests interfere.The Iliad: Analysis of Major Characters Essay The Iliad Hector and Achilles were two of the most notable characters in the Iliad.

In many aspects of their lives, Hector and . What is one similarity between Achilles and Agamemnon? They both have a great capacity to forgive. They are both renowned for their generosity. The following is an analysis of the opposition of Achilles and Hector's characters throughout the Iliad.

Two very distinct heroes were portrayed in the Iliad. Hector . Everything you ever wanted to know about the characters in The Iliad, written by experts just for you. Three important characters in Homer's Iliad are: Odysseus: He is a human hero, who is the King of Ithaca.

He fights on the Greek side in the Trojan war and is known for his cleverness, and devising. Achilles’ wrath at Agamemnon for taking his war prize, the maiden Briseis, forms the main subject of The Iliad. Read an in-depth analysis of Achilles. Agamemnon (also called “Atrides”) - King of Mycenae and leader of the Achaean army; brother of King Menelaus of Sparta.

SparkNotes: The Iliad: Character List