Yet, it was a similar type of calculation that identified the approximate position of Pluto before it was discovered.
We ask you, humbly, to help us. We hope you enjoy this web site and what it represents. We hope that it makes a difference. Over the past year, expenses related to the site upkeep from research to delivery has increased We would love to continue bringing you the content, but we desperately need your help through monetary donations.
Anything would help, from a one-off to small monthly donations. The option is yours. Regardless, your help would be appreciated. Please click HERE to be taken to our donation page. Thank you so much. Ethics and morality A very brief overview of all aspects of morality: When many people see the word "morality," their first thought often relates to sexual activity of some type.
Many individuals and groups, like us, use much broader definitions. Morality can be defined as a system of criteria that determine whether a specific act under defined conditions is right moralwrong immoralor neutral without moral implications.
There are many sources of ethics and morality in use: Moral codes are often derived by theologians who interpret holy books, like the Torah in Judiasmthe Bible in Christianity and the Qur'an in Islam. Their conclusions are often accepted as absolute truth by believers. Unfortunately, each of these books contain apparent contradictions and ambiguities that must be harmonized.
Since a person's interpretation of a holy book is heavily influenced by the interpreter's culture, theologians within a given religion -- and theologians among different religions -- often produce very different moral codes and theological beliefs.
The end result is -- for example in Christianity -- that the religion consists of over 30, denominations, sects, traditions, etc.
This places the validity of sets of moral codes derived by humans from the religious texts, in serious doubt. Evolutionary sociobiologists view many human behaviors and elements of morality as having originated in primate societies among chimpanzees, bonobos, and early humans.
They believe that moral codes evolved and adapted as human groups advanced from small hunter-gathering bands aboutyears ago, to tribes, to chiefdoms, and finally to nations circa BCE.
Needless to say, with such different sources from which moral systems can be derived, we can expect to be deluged for the foreseeable future with conflicting sets of moral codes concerning:In moral philosophy, deontological ethics or deontology (from Greek δέον, deon, "obligation, duty") is the normative ethical theory that the morality of an action should be based on whether that action itself is right or wrong under a series of rules, rather than based on the consequences of the action..
It is sometimes described as "duty-" or "obligation-" or "rule-" based ethics, because. Sentimental Rules is an ambitious and highly interdisciplinary work, which proposes and defends a new theory about the nature and evolution of moral judgment. In it, philosopher Shaun Nichols develops the theory that emotions play a critical role in both the psychological and the cultural underpinnings of basic moral judgment.
Machiavelli and the Moral Dilemma of Statecraft. Kr.s.n.a replied "If he fights fairly, Bhîma will never succeed in gaining victory. If, however, he fights unfairly, he will surely be able to kill Duryodhana.
Essay Version Click-Tap "CONTENTS" at the top to see the table of contents for this essay. A Socratic View of Wrongdoing.
Morality is a term that refers to our adherence to rules that govern human behavior on the basis of some idea of right and wrong. Although the terms moral and ethical are often interchanged, in this essay I restrict my use of the terms ethics/ethical to refer to our.
The State Bar of California's Admissions Home Page for future lawyers. Piaget () described moral development as moving from an orientation characterised by heteronomy, or a strong respect for adult authority and rules, to an autonomous morality in later childhood in which rules are understood as social constructions formulated in social relations of cooperation among peers.