The book "The Autobiography of Malcolm X," which he wrote with the assistance of Alex Haley, was first published in
Even before he has entered the world, Malcolm is already forced to confront the realities of racist violence and hatred. Active Themes Earl Little, a travelling preacher and a tall, outspoken black man from Georgia, is a vocal supporter of Marcus Garvey and his ideas of Pan-Africanism, or the belief that people of African descent all around the world should join together against the oppression of whites.
Earl always believed he would die by violence, and indeed, Earl and four of his five brothers will die from violence. Here Malcolm interrupts to say that he feels that he, too, will die by violence.
In Earl Little, the reader gets a glimpse at the archetype after which Malcolm will unconsciously model himself. His older siblings Wilfred, Hilda, and Philbert were born in Philadelphia, while his younger brother Reginald was born in Milwaukee. Earl had three children from a previous marriage as well: Ella, Earl, and Mary, all living in Boston.
Of all his siblings, Malcolm is the lightest one, which will bring him certain privileges in life, but it will also haunt him — a visible, intrinsic reminder of the horrors of racism and violence. Active Themes After a brief stay in Milwaukee, the family moves to Lansing, Michigan, where Earl plans to open a store one day.
Earl shoots his pistol at the arsonists and then directs the family out and to safety. The Black Legion gets its name because they wear black hoods, instead of the white hoods of the usual KKK.
After this incident, Earl Little goes on to build the family a home outside of town with his own hands. This will be the house Malcolm remembers as his childhood home.
The police and firefighters, meanwhile, do nothing about the attack, other than to question Earl about his pistol. When the State, which is theoretically supposed to protect all citizens, fails to act, Earl takes their future literally into his own hands, a lesson for Malcolm in both self-reliance and the racism inherent to the American establishment.
Earl cannot control this unconscious preference the result of internalized racism any more than Malcolm can control his own skin color. Active Themes Malcolm has memories of his father preaching in various churches, full of emotion as he led the service.
However, Malcolm always had trouble believing in the Christian God, even as a child. Unlike the Nation of Islam later on, Malcolm portrays these Christians as too interested in spectacle, rather than true faith. Meanwhile, the majority of people were on welfare or starved.
At these meetings, they would pass along literature and photographs of Garvey and his massive rallies.
Seeing his father as the leader of these intelligent, down-to-earth meetings with their serious politics always made Malcolm more proud than when he saw him as a preacher. These features will underlie his position in the Nation years later.
Active Themes Meanwhile, his mother Louise had the enormous task of caring for the home and its eight children, often while arguing with their father about her dietary restrictions she refused to eat pork and rabbit.
But Malcolm often escaped harsh punishment by crying loudly so as to alarm the neighbors and embarrass Louise. Louise appears to be a complex character, who on the one hand embodies the strict self-discipline Malcolm will later embrace in the Nation, but on the other hand unreasonably beats her son for something out of his control.
Malcolm, meanwhile, demonstrates a shrewdness that will serve him well throughout life. Active Themes At five, Malcolm began going to school with his other siblings.
The schools were integrated, but nobody made a big deal about it.LitCharts assigns a color and icon to each theme in The Autobiography of Malcolm X, which you can use to track the themes throughout the work. The book "The Autobiography of Malcolm X," which he wrote with the assistance of Alex Haley, was first published in The Two Authors Malcolm X did not write his autobiography on his own, but he told his life to the journalist and novelist Alex Haley.
In The Great Gatsby Fitzgerald offers up commentary on a variety of themes — justice, power, greed, betrayal, the American dream, and so on.
Of all the themes, perhaps none is more well developed than that of social stratification. The Great Gatsby is regarded as a brilliant piece of social. In The Great Gatsby, the only element not restricted to one class is unhappiness.
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In The Great Gatsby’ social status is an extremely significant element as it distinguishes geographical locations in the novel but more importantly, portrays the mentalities of people belonging to different social class’ which affects the events that occur and moulds many of the characters.
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