What were the reforms of governor general carlos maria de la torre

He immediately implemented the educational decrees of a fellow Mason, Minister of the Colonies Segismundo Moret; lifted strict press censorship; allowed free discussion of social and political issues, and instituted other reforms that endeared him to the Filipinos.

What were the reforms of governor general carlos maria de la torre

In every nation where Masonry is established loyalty to government and country are constantly stressed. But not withstanding the "ad nauseam" of the non-political injunction in Masonic regulations, countless political upheavals have been laid at its doorsteps.

For a century and a half a large segment of the intelligentsia of Europe believed that many of the events that transpired in the world happened because Freemasons planned them so.

Masons were considered "ipso facto" subversives, and were blamed for the French Revolution, and subsequent uprisings in Spain, Portugal, Italy, Austria, and Latin America. InPrime Minister Benjamin Disraeli of England warned that secret societies, in the guise of Freemasonry, were "ever prepared to ravage Europe.

The Masonry which was first introduced into the country was, therefore, the Masonry of Spain which has an envenomed relationship with the Catholic Church.

Historians tell us that the first Masonic lodge established in the Philippines dates from It was followed shortly thereafter by lodges organized in Manila. All these lodges, however, were composed of Spaniards and foreigners. Only a handful of Filipinos were admitted into membership.

It was not until that the first lodges composed of Filipinos were set up in the country. But while the doors of the early lodges were closed to the Filipinos, the Spaniards and foreigners who comprised their membership gave the Filipinos a foretaste of the libertarian ideals of the Fraternity and aroused in them a craving for the "new liberties".

De La Torre's Term After the triumph of liberalism in Spain inthe Masons who headed the new administration in Madrid appointed hundreds of their Fraternity brothers to government positions in the Philippines as replacements of the officeholders of the deposed regime.

The genial liberalism and humanism of the new arrivals awakened as first curiosity and later a feeling of goodwill towards the Fraternity. The Masons spread among their newly-found Filipino friends such dangerous ideas as "liberty, equality, fraternity and independence.

A liberal to the core, he became very popular among the Filipinos. La Torre encouraged freedom of speech, abolished censorship of the press and fostered free discussion of political problems. Encouraged by his liberalism, the Filipinos, both priests and laymen, waged a campaign for the Filipinization of the parishes and the ouster therefrom of the friars and pressed for greater political rights.

For the first time, Manila witnessed the staging of public demonstration and the emergence of a crop of agitators for reforms. The liberal regime in Spain also caused an Assembly of Reformers to be established in Manila. The assembly had the power to vote reforms in the colony, but monastic supremacy prevailed.

The friars in the Philippines were in those days the true rulers of the country, with sufficient clout to frustrate all attempts at change.

Thus the reforms voted were never carried into effect. Nonetheless, the first sparks of liberty had been struck with no amount of persecution could totally extinguish.

The Filipinos had been taught to hope for equal laws. They agitated for their promulgation and became a torn to the side of the Monastic Orders.

The friars viewed La Torre's liberalism with alarm and utter distaste. They started a campaign in Madrid to bring about his removal and simultaneously plotted their moves against the Filipino intellectuals who in the liberal atmosphere of his administration expressed their views too freely.

What were the reforms of governor general carlos maria de la torre

InLa Torre's patron, General Prim, was assassinated, and the following year he was recalled to Spain. His replacement, Rafael de Izquierdo, was a Mason, but he was above all a Spanish patriot who took to heart his mandate to reassert Spanish authority.

Besides he was convinced the friars were indispensable for the preservation of the Spanish rule in the Philippines. He reversed the liberal policies of La Torre and reverted the governorship to its classic form. · Carlos María Javier de la Torre y Nieto (November 14, , Quito, Ecuador – July 31, , Quito, Ecuador) was an Ecuadorian cardinal of the Roman Catholic Church.

Archbishop of Quito, he was elevated to the cardinalate in by Pope Pius XII, the first Ecuadorian to be admitted to the College of lausannecongress2018.com://lausannecongress2018.com Governor-general Basilio Augustin.

The Katipunan and Masonry - Philippine Center for Masonic Studies

He called for the loyalty and aid of the indios that the latter were called Filipinos. General Carlos Maria de la Torre. He was serenaded. He showed his democratic tendencies when he dismissed the palace halberdiers.

Graciano Lopez Jaena. Señor de la Torre de Juan Vásquez, Majorats of his family, Corregidor of Segovia and Jerez de la Frontera and Captain General of the Frontier, Prefect of Granada, who was at the service of the Catholic Kings and Charles I of Spain, Regidor of Salamanca and Founder of the Majorat of his House on December 16, , and wife Isabel de Luján (lausannecongress2018.com://lausannecongress2018.com The arrival of the liberal de la Torre was opposed by the ruling minority of friars, regular priests who belonged to an order (Dominicans, Augustinians, Recollects, and Franciscans) and their aliens in civil government but supported by the secular priests, most of whom were mestizos and indios assigned to parishes and farflung communities and lausannecongress2018.com  · On February 27, , the Spanish Governor General Carlos Maria de la Torre issued a decree declaring Cagayan the permanent capital of Segundo Distrito de Misamis.

All Spanish politico-military governors of Misamis, who were all lieutenant colonels, lived at the Casa Real de Cagayan, built in , the site of today's city hall of Cagayan de lausannecongress2018.com  ·  – Camerino was granted amnesty by Governor-General Carlos Maria de la Torre Starting with the reestablishment of Fort Pilar in Zamboanga(), lausannecongress2018.com

Campaign for Reforms by Emmelyn Carta on Prezi